纳米氧化锌的乳液合成、结构表征与气敏性能
EMULSION SYNTHESIS, MICROSTRUCTURE AND GAS SENSING PROPERTIES OF NANOMETER ZnO CERAMICS
作者单位
徐甲强 郑州轻工业学院化学工程系郑州 450002 
潘庆谊 郑州轻工业学院化学工程系郑州 450002 
孙雨安 郑州轻工业学院化学工程系郑州 450002 
李占才 郑州轻工业学院化学工程系郑州 450002 
摘要: 利用化学沉淀法、乳液法及微乳液法合成了不同晶粒尺寸的纳米氧化锌气敏材料;用X射线衍射和透射电镜、研究了材料的晶体结构和陶瓷微结构,并利用科西-科西法和德拜-谢乐法计算了材料的平均晶粒度和晶格畸变;和静态配气法测试了材料对乙醇、汽油、氢气、丁烷、六氟化硫的气体灵敏度。实验结果表明:微乳液法和阴离子表面活性剂乳化法合成的氧化锌具有颗粒小,气体灵敏度高和工作温度低的特点。
关键词: 氧化锌 钠米材料 乳液合成 气体传感器 晶粒度
基金项目: 
Abstract: Nanometer ZnO gas sensing materials with different particle size were made by chemical precipitation, emulsion and microemulsion, respectively. Crystal structure and ceramic microstructure of powder samples were determinated by XRD and TEM. The mean grain size and lattice distortion of the materials was calculated with Cauchy-Cauchy method and Debye-Scherrer method. Gas sensitivity for H2, SF6, C4H10 gasoline, C2H5OH of different temperature were measured using distribution in static state. It can be shown from experimental results, ZnO made by microemulsion method and emulsion with anion surfactant has smaller grains size than that made by precipitation or emulsion with cation sufactant, its gas sensitivity is higher, and its working temperature is lower than that of the others.
Keywords: zinc oxide nanometer material emulsion synthesis gas sensor grain size
 
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徐甲强,潘庆谊,孙雨安,李占才.纳米氧化锌的乳液合成、结构表征与气敏性能[J].无机化学学报,1998,14(3):355-359.
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