钙钛矿型太阳能电池制备工艺及稳定性研究进展
Research Progress on Preparation Technology and Stability of Perovskite Solar Cells
作者单位E-mail
郭文明 中国计量大学材料科学与工程学院, 纳米材料化学制备室, 杭州 310018  
钟敏 中国计量大学材料科学与工程学院, 纳米材料化学制备室, 杭州 310018 zhongmin@cjlu.edu.cn 
摘要: 有机-无机杂化钙钛矿型太阳能电池因其简单的制备工艺,低廉的制造成本,优异的光电转换效率,成为光伏领域的研究热点。钙钛矿光吸收材料具有消光系数高、载流子迁移率高、载流子寿命长、带隙可调控等优点。短短几年内,钙钛矿型太阳能电池的效率从最初的3.8%提高到22.1%。目前,为了获得稳定高效的钙钛矿型太阳能电池,主要有以下几个研究思路:新型器件结构设计;结构功能层的材料形貌设计;结构各功能层间的界面修饰;空穴传输材料的选择;对电极的选择。本文通过文献综述,在回顾了国内外研究者对钙钛矿型太阳能电池的研究历程的基础上,介绍了钙钛矿型太阳能电池的结构和工作原理,重点总结了电子传输层和钙钛矿层的制备工艺及优化,并讨论了钙钛矿型太阳能电池的稳定性以及展望了其商业化的前景。
关键词: 钙钛矿型太阳能电池  器件效率  制备工艺  工艺优化  稳定性
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(No.21471140,21101143)资助项目
Abstract: Due to the simple preparation process,low cost and excellent photoelectric conversion efficiency,organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cell has become a research hotspot in the field of photovoltaic technology.The perovskite optical absorption material has the advantages of high extinction coefficient,high carrier mobility,long carrier diffusion distance,long carrier lifetime,adjustable band gap,and a variety of preparation methods.In recent years,the efficiency of perovskite solar cells increased from the initial 3.8% in 2009 to the current 22.1%.In order to obtain long-term stable and high efficient perovskite solar cell at present,main research ideas have the following aspects including new structure design for solar cell,morphology design for functional layer,interface modification between each functional layer,selection of hole transport material and selection of counter electrode.Based on the review of the research progress of the perovskite solar cell,we first introduced the structure and working principle of the perovskite solar cell in this paper.Besides,the preparation process and various modification methods of electron transport layer were emphatically summarized.The electron transport layer plays a role in the transport of electrons and blocking holes in the structure of the perovskite solar cell.The energy level of electron transport layer can be controlled by doping technology to obtain better photoelectric conversion efficiency.The introduction of modification material on the electron transport layer can improve the morphology of the perovskite optical absorption layer,which can enhance the transmission and collection efficiency of the charge to improve the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the device.Afterwards,the synthesis optimization methods of the perovskite films were also discussed.The morphology and crystallinity of perovskite films can directly affect the optical trapping efficiency and short circuit current density.Therefore,high quality perovskite thin films were obtained by means of synthesis optimization,solvent engineering and annealing engineering.Moreover,we analyzed the reasons for the poor stability of perovskite solar cells,and then put forward the strategy to improve the stability of the solar cell.Finally,the commercial prospects of perovskite solar cells are forecasted.
Keywords: perovskite solar cell  device efficiency  preparation technology  process optimization  stability
投稿时间:2017-02-16 修订日期:2017-05-08
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郭文明,钟敏.钙钛矿型太阳能电池制备工艺及稳定性研究进展[J].无机化学学报,2017,33(7):1097-1118.
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