二维半导体材料与器件——从传统二维光电材料到石墨炔
Two-Dimensional Semiconducting Materials and Devices: from Traditional Two-Dimensional Optoelectronic Materials to Graphdiyne
作者单位E-mail
黄彦民 南开大学化学学院, 南开大学先进能源材料化学教育部重点实验室, 天津, 300071  
袁明鉴 南开大学化学学院, 南开大学先进能源材料化学教育部重点实验室, 天津, 300071 yuanmj@nankai.edu.cn 
李玉良 中国科学院化学研究所有机固体重点实验室, 北京分子科学国家实验室, 北京 100080  
摘要: 近年来,二维半导体材料由于其独特的材料结构和电子输运特性得到了科学界的广泛关注,被应用于光电器件、催化和生物传感器等领域。本文系统概述了传统二维材料以及新兴二维材料石墨炔的发现和发展历程。重点聚焦在二维材料在光探测器领域中的应用,探讨了不同二维材料体系及器件结构对光探测器性能的影响;并详细介绍了新兴二维材料——石墨炔,及其合成和应用。展望了传统二维材料及石墨炔在光电转换器件应用中所面临的机遇和挑战。
关键词: 二维半导体材料  石墨炔  光电转换材料与器件
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(No.21771114)资助项目。
Abstract: Two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting materials have been widely used in optoelectronic devices, catalysis, biosensors and other fields due to their unique molecular structure and electronic properties, herein have attracted lots of attention. In this review, the development of traditional 2D materials as well as novel 2D material graphdiyne has been summarized. The review focused on the application of traditional 2D materials in the field of photodetector, investigated the influence of different material systems and their device structures on the performance of the photodetector. In addition, we further described the synthesis and application of graphdiyne. Finally, we summarized the opportunities and challenges of traditional 2D materials and graphdiyne in the application of energy conversion devices.
Keywords: two-dimensional materials  graphdiyne  optoelectronic materials and devices
投稿时间:2017-08-02 修订日期:2017-10-19
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黄彦民,袁明鉴,李玉良.二维半导体材料与器件——从传统二维光电材料到石墨炔[J].无机化学学报,2017,33(11):1914-1936.
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