水热合成LuF3:Yb3+,Er3+微晶及其上转换发射与温度传感特性
Upconversion Emission and Temperature Sensing Behavior of LuF3: Yb3+,Er3+ Microcrystals Prepared by One-Step Hydrothermal Synthesis
作者单位E-mail
王祺 江西理工大学, 冶金与化学工程学院, 赣州 341000  
廖金生 江西理工大学, 冶金与化学工程学院, 赣州 341000 jsliao1209@126.com 
郭江飞 江西理工大学, 冶金与化学工程学院, 赣州 341000  
黄海平 江西理工大学, 冶金与化学工程学院, 赣州 341000  
温和瑞 江西理工大学, 冶金与化学工程学院, 赣州 341000  
摘要: 通过在不同pH值下的简易水热法合成不同Yb3+离子(nYB3+/nLu3+=5%~15%)和Er3+离子(nEr3+/nLu3+=1%~5%)掺杂浓度的LuF3∶Yb3+,Er3+微晶荧光粉。发现pH值对正交相LuF3∶Yb3+,Er3+的合成起着关键作用。在980 nm激发下,LuF3∶Yb3+,Er3+荧光体呈现出以523 nm(2H11/24I15/2)和539 nm(4S3/24I15/2)为中心的强绿光上转换(UC)发射以及以660 nm(4F9/24I15/2)为中心弱红光上转换发射。通过使用X射线衍射(XRD)和光致发光(PL)分析测定了最强发射强度的Er3+和Yb3+的最佳掺杂浓度。浓度依赖性研究表明,达到最强的绿光上转换发光时最佳掺杂浓度为10% Yb3+,2% Er3+。通过改变泵浦功率来研究LuF3∶Yb3+,Er3+荧光粉UC发光机制。通过980 nm二极管激光器在293~573 K的范围内研究了在523和539 nm处的2个绿光UC发射带的荧光强度比(FIR)的温度依赖性,发现在490 K得到最大灵敏度约为15.3×10-4 K-1。这表明LuF3∶Yb3+,Er3+荧光体可应用于具有高灵敏度的光学温度传感器。
关键词: 上转换  稀土离子  水热合成  温度传感特性
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(No.51162012)、江西省教育厅重点基金(No.GJJ160597)和江西省自然科学基金重大项目(No.20165ABC28010)资助。
Abstract: LuF3:Yb3+,Er3+ microcrystals codoped with Yb3+ nYB3+/nLu3+=5%~15%) and Er3+ ions (nEr3+/nLu3+=1%~5%) were synthesized by a facile hydrothermal process at different pH values. It is found that the pH value has a crucial effect on synthesis of the orthorhombic phase LuF3:Yb3+,Er3+. Under 980 nm excitation, LuF3:Yb3+,Er3+ phosphors exhibit strong green upconversion (UC) emission bands centered at 523 (2H11/24I15/2) and 539 nm (4S3/24I15/2) and weak red emissions near 660 nm (4F9/24I15/2). The optimum doping concentrations of Er3+ and Yb3+ for the highest emission intensity were determined by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) analyses. Concentration dependent studies reveal that the optimal composition is 10% Yb3+ and 2% Er3+ co-doping concen-tration with a strong green emission. A possible UC mechanism for LuF3:Yb3+,Er3+ depends on the pump power is discussed. The temperature dependence of the fluorescence intensity ratios (FIR) for the two green UC emission bands peaked at 523 and 539 nm was studied in the range of 293~573 K under excitation by a 980 nm diode laser and the maximum sensitivity was approximately 15.3×10-4 K-1 at 490 K. This indicates that LuF3:Yb3+, Er3+ phosphors are potential candidates for optical temperature sensors with high sensitivity.
Keywords: upconversion  rare earth ions  hydrothermal synthesis  temperature sensing behavior
投稿时间:2017-09-28 修订日期:2017-11-20
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王祺,廖金生,郭江飞,黄海平,温和瑞.水热合成LuF3:Yb3+,Er3+微晶及其上转换发射与温度传感特性[J].无机化学学报,2018,34(3):579-588.
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