羟基化对Si3N4粉体水相分散性的影响
Effects of Hydroxyl Groups on Dispersibility of Silicon Nitride Powder in Aqueous Media
作者单位E-mail
陈琦 安徽工业大学冶金工程学院, 马鞍山 243002  
徐冰洁 安徽工业大学冶金工程学院, 马鞍山 243002  
许宝松 安徽工业大学冶金工程学院, 马鞍山 243002  
刘鹏飞 安徽工业大学冶金工程学院, 马鞍山 243002  
韩召 安徽工业大学冶金工程学院, 马鞍山 243002
冶金减排与资源综合利用教育部重点实验室, 马鞍山 243002 
authanzhao@foxmail.com 
邱奔 安徽工业大学冶金工程学院, 马鞍山 243002  
摘要: 通过施加硝酸有效地使氮化硅(Si3N4)粉末的表面羟基化,以改善在水性介质中的分散性。与天然粉末相比,羟基化粉末在水性介质中产生更稳定的胶体分散。傅里叶变换红外光谱和X射线光电子能谱结果表明,随着羟基改性,Si3N4粉末的羟基含量显著增加。这有助于防止Si3N4粉末在水性介质中聚集。此外,热重分析表明羟基化Si3N4粉末的羟基含量比天然粉末高68.8%。Si3N4粉末的表面亲水性通过羟基改性而增强,并且粉末分散性随着羟基含量的增加而提高。
关键词: 氮化硅  羟基化  表面改性  分散
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(No.51572268),钢铁冶金新技术国家重点实验室开放基金(No.201601)和中国科学院低温工程学重点实验室开放基金(No.CRYO201605)。
Abstract: The surface of silicon nitride (Si3N4) powder was efficiently hydroxylated via application of nitric acid to improve dispersibility in aqueous media. Hydroxylated powder results in more stable colloidal dispersion in aqueous media compared to native powder. Results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy show that hydroxyl group content of Si3N4 powder significantly increased with hydroxyl modification. This is helpful in preventing Si3N4 powder from aggregating in aqueous media. In addition, thermogravimetric analysis indicates that hydroxyl group content of hydroxylated Si3N4 powder was 68.8% higher than that of native powder. Furthermore, surface hydrophilicity of Si3N4 powder is enhanced with hydroxyl modification, and powder dispersibility is improved with an increase in hydroxyl content.
Keywords: silicon nitride  hydroxylation  surface modification  dispersibility
投稿时间:2018-07-04 修订日期:2018-08-10
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陈琦,徐冰洁,许宝松,刘鹏飞,韩召,邱奔.羟基化对Si3N4粉体水相分散性的影响[J].无机化学学报,2018,34(11):2073-2080.
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